Ficus benghalensis aka Indian Banyan


Ficus benghalensis, also known as the banyan, banyan fig or Indian banyan, is a low-maintenance tree native to the Indian Subcontinent. It is widely recognized for its large canopy coverage and for beginning as an epiphyte and eventually choking the tree it rests on. This 'strangler fig' is not only valued for its decorative qualities and beneficial properties, but it is also part of the Ficus genus which produces figs that are pollinated by tiny wasps using them as a safe place for their young. Ficus benghalensis trees contain latex sap that can be toxic if ingested, so keep a close eye if you have children or pets.

Common names

Indian Banyan, Ficus Audrey, Bengal Banyan, Audrey Ficus, Banyan Fig

How to care for Indian Banyan


Indian Banyan presents a moderate level of care, which allows plant enthusiasts with some experience to expand their skills and knowledge.


Indian Banyan should be watered regularly, allowing the soil to dry out between waterings.


Indian Banyan loves a well-draining soil. Perlite and vermiculite help with drainage, while coco coir adds organic matter, so a good potting soil mix will have all three. You can improve store-bought soil by adding some perlite to it.


To ensure optimal growth, the Indian Banyan prefers bright diffused light for 6-8 hours each day. Insufficient light can result in slow growth and leaf drop, so it's important to find a well-lit location for this plant. Place it near a window, within a distance of 1 meter (3 feet), to enhance its potential for thriving.


During the wintertime, it's common for Indian Banyan to go dormant and their growth may slow down, so waterings should be spaced out more.


Indian Banyan is poisonous if ingested. We suggest keeping this plant out of reach if you have children, cats, or dogs in the home.


No additional humidity is required for the Indian Banyan. Plants take in most of their water through their roots, not their leaves, therefore, watering the soil is the most effective way to supply humidity to your plants.


Repotting the Indian Banyan is necessary either when it has doubled in size or once every year, whichever happens first. With fresh potting soil replenished annually, the plant will receive all the necessary nutrients, rendering the use of fertilizer unnecessary. Keep in mind that the source of a plant's energy is the sun, not fertilizer.

Region of origin

Indian Banyan’s native range is worldwide Tropics.


Yes, if you provide it with the correct amount of sunlight and water, you can witness your Indian Banyan blooming.

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